THE MONTH OF MARY
The month of May is the "month which the piety of the faithful has especially dedicated to Our Blessed Lady," and it is the occasion for a "moving tribute of faith and love which Catholics in every part of the world [pay] to the Queen of Heaven. During this month Christians offer up to Mary from their hearts an especially fervent and loving homage of prayer and veneration. In this month, too, the benefits of God's mercy come down to us from her throne in greater abundance" (Paul VI: Encyclical on the Month of May, no. 1). This Christian custom of dedicating the month of May to the Blessed Virgin arose at the end of the 13th century. The practice became especially popular among the members of the Jesuit Order — by 1700 it took hold among their students at the Roman College and a bit later it was publicly practiced in the Gesu Church in Rome. From there it spread to the whole Church.
OUR LADY OF CZESTOCHOWA, QUEEN OF POLAND
Apart from being Constitution Day in Poland, 3 May is the feast of Our Lady of Czestochowa, Queen of Poland. The Feast of Our Lady and Queen of Poland gained official status in the Church at the plea of Polish bishops after the Great War. It was formally confirmed by Pope Pius XI in 1923. Jasna Gora is the site of the icon of the Black Madonna, who is charged with miraculously saving the monastery from the Swedish invasions in the 17th century. After the events, she was crowned queen and protector of Poland by King Jan Kazimierz.